What is radiation therapy?
Radiation therapy is a treatment for cancer that uses high-energy X-rays. A machine directs the rays of energy to the area of cancer. Radiation therapy is also called radiotherapy. Its goal is to kill or shrink cancer cells from Breast.
When might radiation therapy be used for breast cancer?
Radiation Treatment in India is most often used along with other breast cancer treatments in India, like surgery or chemotherapy. Your doctor may advise radiation if either of the below apply to you:
You have an early stage breast cancer. You would get radiation after Breast Cancer Surgery in India. This is called adjuvant treatment. Radiation is often used after breast-conserving surgery. It is sometimes used after mastectomy. The goal is to kill cancer cells that can't be seen, but may have been left behind after Breast Surgery, which lowers the chance the cancer will come back.
You have metastatic breast cancer. This means the cancer has spread. The goal of radiation in this case is mainly to ease symptoms of the Breast Cancer. This is sometimes called palliative treatment.
Types of radiation therapy
The types of therapy include:
External radiation. This is called external beam therapy (EBRT). It’s the most common type used to treat Breast Cancer Treatment in India. A treatment that precisely sends high levels of radiation directly to the cancer cells. The machine is controlled by the radiation therapist. Since radiation is used to kill cancer cells and to shrink tumors, special shields may be used to protect the tissue surrounding the treatment area.
Internal radiation. This is called brachytherapy or implant radiation. This type of radiation treatment is given inside the body in the area of the cancer. It gives a higher dose of radiation to a small area for a shorter time. The radiation source may be put directly into the area of the breast tumor. Or it may be put in through a small tube placed near the tumor.
Before radiation therapy
Your radiation oncologist may do some imaging tests before your radiation therapy in India. These may include X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans. Imaging tests help show exactly where you need treatment. You may have the same tests after treatment to see how well it worked.
Before you start Breast cancer treatment in India, oncocare.in is Best Breast Cancer Treatment in India, imaging scans will be used to measure the exact location of the tumor so the beams of radiation can be focused there. Usually it's aimed at the whole breast. Sometimes it has to be aimed under your arm and at other parts of your chest, too. Small ink marks may be put on your skin to mark the treatment area. This ensures that the radiation reaches only the tumor, and not healthy parts of your body.